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The Republic of Bulgaria is a state in South-Eastern Europe situated in the eastern part of the Balkan Peninsula. To the north, Bulgaria borders on Romania, to the east, on the Black Sea, to the south, on Turkey and Greece, to the west, on Bulgaria Mapthe Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and the Republic of Macedonia.
Bulgaria has become a country of international tourism. Already, in ancient times, the Romans were attracted by the healing qualities of the Bulgarian mineral springs and its beautiful nature. The rise of tourism started at the end of the 19th century with the first tourist clubs. At the beginning of the 20th century the first mountain hostel was opened. At that time the first spas also started functioning. Foreign tourists began visiting Bulgaria because in spite of its small territory, the country has such a diversity of attractions and a harmonic combination of geographic and climatic conditions - beautiful coastline with golden sands, luscious vegetation, picturesque river valleys and gorges, many caves, and mineral springs various in their temperature and composition. The protected natural reservations are rich in rare plants, animals and rock formations. The traces of the past can be seen everywhere - archaeological, architectural, historical and ethnographic remains.
After 1950 Bulgaria undertook an extensive tourist-resort building program. The number of beds in the mountain resorts was enlarged. New sea resorts and holiday camps were constructed. New modern spa treatment centers were built in the towns with mineral springs. The international hunting tourism is continually increasing. Tourism has become one of the most important trends of the Bulgarian economy.
RENOWNED SEA RESORTS:
RENOWNED MOUNTAIN RESORTS:
Bulgaria's climate is moderately continental with four distinct seasons, the southernmost parts are affected by the Mediterranean. The mountainous type of climate is characteristic of altitudes over 1000 m with relatively low temperatures, abundant rainfall and a permanent snow cover. The average annual air temperature is 10,5°C. Winds vary, the north-westerly and the westerly winds are constant, these cause warm spells in spring and rainfall in summer. Often a north-easterly wind also blows, - cold in winter and warm in summer. The average annual rainfall is between 450 and 1300 mm (most frequently in May and June, in the high mountains - in winter). The snow cover remains from 10 days (on the Black Sea coast) to over 200 days (in the high mountains).
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